Hair transplantation is a process of collecting hair follicles from patient haired areas and implanting them to bald areas which lost hair due to different reasons within time. The hair transplantation done by the professionals helps to regain the lost hair and boost self-confidence by contributing to physical appearance in a positive manner.
Hair transplantation can be applied to everyone who is considered as eligible after the hair consultation by the doctor. The doctor decides which kind of treatment will be applied after the examination. If the person is not eligible for transplantation, then they can be directed to different treatments. (Like hair PRP, hair mesotherapy, medications etc.)
Hair transplantation can be used for all kinds of hair losses except female pattern hair loss. Male hair loss, scarring (due to surgery, scars), traction alopecia can be solved with hair transplantation.
Hair transplantation is a process which can be completed in one day and controlled by the following day and the results are obtained between 8-12 months.
Transplant operation lasts about 7-8 hours. Operation is actually completed during this process. Next day medical dressing is done and explained how it should be washed and which medications should be used. Guests coming from abroad should know that the process can be finished in 2 days.
When the control is done following day of the operation, scabs can be observed. They can recover in 7-10 days. After the scabbing, ‘shock loss process’ will start and most of the transplanted hair will fall by leaving follicle inside the skin. 10-12 weeks of post-operation, new hair will start to grow. Only, hair will gradually grow and thicken. The hair growing after the 3rd month will thicken over time and it will reach to its peak during 10-12th months.
Hair transplant is a process done under local anesthesia. Local anesthetics are injected with thin pin syringes to donor and recipient areas. The only pain which can be experienced by the patient is this local anesthetics syringe’s ‘mosquito bite’ pain. It is possible to soothe the pain with various techniques.
The area under local anesthetics does not feel any pain during the transplant. The patient can experience dull ache after the operation but in most cases post-operation might not need any pain killers.
Hair transplantation is an operation done under the local anesthesia. Operation consists of 3 stages and anesthesia is applied to nape area before the first stage which includes collecting hair follicles from donor area and is applied to front area with local anesthetic drugs before the second stage which includes opening canals. Local anesthesia makes sure that patient does not feel the pain during the treatment.
General anesthesia may lead to negative effects to patients’ health since hair transplant is a long process for about 7-8 hours.
The most important thing to be careful by the doctor and the patient is having natural look of the hair.
Being able to comb the hair towards requested sides, hair density, natural look of the transplanted hair are the most prominent criteria. The experience and the talent of the doctor and the team working for the transplant are crucial.
The natural look of the hair is affected by many parameters like creating the hair line on forehead to hair channels and deciding which graft will be used etc.
Cardiac patients can have hair transplantation comfortably after the doctor provides maximum secure conditions for them. Patience’s cardiac disease type and the medications used for it should be considered. If the patient can stop using the medications for a while without facing any health problems, they can have hair transplant operation.
The doctor should know the detailed history of the patient to be able to decide their compatibility for transplant. They should be informed about any type of chronic diseases, regularly used medications, drug allergies or whether a previous operation is done etc.
Patient can have hypertension or diabetes or both at the same time. In that case if used medications can balance the blood pressure and diabetes, the transplantation can be done. If blood pressure and glucose fluctuates, it can damage the health status of the patient.
Transplant cannot be done to lesions due to skin diseases such as eczema or psoriasis for both planting and collecting follicles.
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) is an old technique which is still used in some countries as hair transplant operation. FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) is recently more used because of FUT techniques disadvantages like leaving a scar on nape and providing limited graft numbers.
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) does not leave scars with micropunches and provides 2-3 times more graft transplants amount compared to FUT.
Hair transplant cost is varied due to graft numbers. Also it might be necessary to do 2 different sessions for the areas cannot be filled in one session. Therefore the cost is calculated for each operation.
The care of transplanted hair is as important as choosing a professional hair transplantation clinic and the quality of the operation.
- After the transplantation, scabs will fall in 10 days. During this period we should be careful with our heads not to touch with anything.
- There will be rush and skin sensitivity at recipient and donor areas for about 15-30 days. Therefore we should use a hat which doesn’t touch to transplanted area to protect from heat during the summer and to protect from rain and snow during the winter.
- There will be shock loss process 2 weeks after the operation and most of the transplanted hair will fall within 1-1.5 months. After the 10th week of the operation, the transplanted hair will slowly and gradually grow. It is normal to have pimples on hairy skin during this period. Itch is a normal sign of growing hair. At this period, the pimples should not be touched and skin should not be scratched with nails. This is a temporary process for 2-3 months and it directly affects the graft percentage from which possible results will be obtained.
- The hair growing from 3th month will be able to be combed as of 6th month. Hair growing at the back of the head can take up to 10th week.
The hair transplant with FUE technique does not leave any scars if it is done by the professionals.
Recently thin pin punches allow us to pick up hair follicles without leaving scars. Also it is necessary to collect follicles homogeneously from donor area. After the transplant, it is important for this area to not become wide apart and deface the image.
It is crucial to adjust the width of slit which is used for canaling while implanting the follicles besides micropunches. If the slits are too wide, it can cause pits on the skin on the transplanted area.
The transplant done with micropunch and slit harmony will not have any scars after the operation.
It is possible to operate a safe hair transplant for women as well. First of all it is necessary to determine what type of hair loss patient has.
Hair transplant is not suitable for ‘female pattern hair loss’ type. The main principle of hair transplant is implanting the taken hair follicles from densely haired area to bald areas of the head. Since ‘female pattern hair loss’ affects the whole skull; it would not lead to fruitful results.
It can be safely applied to all women except the ones with ‘female pattern hair losses’.
Most of the hair loss of women is local in contrast to men. That’s why %90 of the cases can have transplantation without trimming the hair.
Operation can be done every season. The results of the operation do not get affected by the weather conditions. The important thing is that each season requires different precautions to protect the hair follicles. Doctor who does the operation informs the patient about the seasonal precautions.
Hair transplantation is consisted of 3 stages and lasts about 7-8 hours.
Taking the follicles out of the donor area which is called as collection operation takes about 2.5-3 hours from donor area.
Opening the canals which means creating the area to implant the follicles need 1 hour.
And as a last stage, implanting the follicles takes about 2.5-3 hours.
The patients take regular rests by making pauses for each stage.
Session number varies depending on needed hair follicles, requested hair density, transplanted graft number at each session and the hair density in donor area.
The transplanting with FUE technique from densely haired area provides us required graft number in 3 sessions.
The graft number transplanted in one session depends on the needed hair amount and density of the donor area.
If donor area can provide required graft number, doctor determines the number of the hair follicles to be taken from here and implant to recipient area.
However if the bald area is huge and needed hair follicle number is high; hair density and amount in donor area get more important. It is important to collect maximum amount of hair for a fruitful result. This number is generally about 4000 -7000 grafts (10000 – 180000 strands)
The success of hair transplant is mainly affected by the experience and the talent of the doctor and the team. Informing the patient correctly before the operation and telling them objectively the results of it determine the expectation of the patient after the transplant.
It is crucial to collect the hair from donor area without damaging them, protect and transplant.
Transplantation becomes successful depending on the density of donor area and the number of hair at each graft.